Medieval Churches

Laois has just under 200 historic burial grounds, more than half of which contain ruins of medieval churches (see report on historic burial ground survey here). There are 161 churches listed on the Sites and Monuments Register for Laois.

In recent years conservation works have been carried out at several medieval church sites , in collaboration with local communities. In each case a conservation team is appointed consisting of a conservation engineer or architect and an archaeologist. This team working with the Heritage Officer agrees a method statement, and obtains consent for the works from the National Monuments Service – this is required for all works at a Recorded Monument. The team then works with the appointed specialist stonemason to carry out the conservation works while respecting the archaeology of the site. This work will continue as funds are available.



Conservation work at Killabban Church in South Laois commenced in 2014 and the local community have driven an ambitious and successful programme of conservation works at this fragile church on the site of an early Christian monastery and a deserted medieval town.  The project archaeologist is Colm Flynn and the engineer is Aoife Murphy of David Kelly Partnership. Masonry conservation in 2020 and 2019 was carried out by Tallis and Co.

Work commenced in 2015 and a small amount of conservation has been carried out each year since then, with funds from the Portarlington-Graiguecullen MD (supported by Cllr John Moran and Cllr Aisling Moran), from the Heritage Council and from the Community Monuments Fund of the Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage.

Work is now almost complete and interpretation of the site is planned.



A community-based project to save the medieval Church at Kilmanman near Clonaslee in Laois from collapse, has had two successful phases of conservation in 2019 and 2020 with the help of Creative Ireland. Fears for the survival of the medieval church ruins had been raised by members of the local graveyard committee, and help was sought from the Culture Team at Laois County Council.

Catherine Casey is Heritage Officer with Laois County Council. “The Medieval Church at Kilmanman was in a very fragile state, so conservation work to stabilise it was urgent,” she said. “The church is part of the rich heritage of the site, which we believe goes back to early Christian times. The survival of the church is so important to the people of this area, as can be seen by the huge number of community volunteers involved each year,” she said.


Committee members, members of Clonaslee High Nelly Club, Catherine Casey, Laois Heritage Officer, Colm Flynn, Archaeologist and Jethro Sheen, Sheen Stoneworks at Kilmanman Church, Clonaslee.

The conservation project was supported with funding from the Creative Ireland Laois Programme, and supported by Clonaslee Community Development Association and local residents.

Technical advice was provided by Mountmellick based archaeologist Colm Flynn, and experienced conservation engineer, Aoife Murphy, working for David Kelly Partnership. As the site is so sensitive, permission for the works was sought from the National Monuments Service of the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, and conservation work was carried out by stonemason Jethro Sheen.

Work continued at Kilmanman in 2020 to stabilise the east gable with its fine tracery window and the west gable with the remains of the bell-cote. Our thanks to Creative Ireland Laois for support of this project.

Kilmanman Church and Graveyard after two stages of conservation works March 2021, photo by Alf Harvey (c)



Kilteale Church lies 1 km from the Anglo Norman fortress on the Rock of Dunamase, and may have been the site of the parish church for the settlement around the Rock written about in the 13th and 14th centuries as the “Newtown of Leys” (though historians disagree about the exact site of this town, it may have been at Dunamase or at Lea Castle near Portarlington).

The arch in the East gable had become precarious in 2019 and the local community approached Laois County Council for assistance. Masonry conservation to the arch and walls was carried out by Sheen Stoneworks in 2019,  with funding from the Portarlington-Graiguecullen Municipal District and the assistance of Cllr Tom Mulhall . The archaeologist was Colm Flynn and the engineer was David Kelly Partnership. The stonemason was Jethro Sheen.

Dysart Gallen

With the assistance of funding from the Community Monuments Fund of the Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage in 2020, a Conservation Plan for the medieval Church at Dysart Gallen in Spink was completed by Howley Hayes Architects. Subject to funding it is hoped that urgent conservation work will be carried out soon.


The medieval structures at Timahoe (a former medieval church later used as a tower house, and the iconic 12th century round tower) are looked after by the OPW.  Laois County Council owns the former Church of Ireland church on the site and we have recently  undertaken management of the landscape to improve the setting of the monuments and also to improve the area for pollinators. This work is part of the Timahoe Conservation Plan written by the Community and Margaret Quinlan, and the project archaeologist is Dave Pollock. Work is funded by the Heritage Council.